About Albert Einstein Biography
Albert Einstein was a physicist who developed the theory of general relativity. He is considered one of the most influential researchers of the 20th century.
Who Was Albert Einstein?
Albert Einstein was a German mathematician and physicist who developed the theory of special and general relativity. In 1921 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for explaining the photoelectric effect. In the next 10 years, he moved to the United States after becoming a target for the Nazi party in Germany.
His work had a great influence on nuclear power as well. At the end of his life, Einstein focused on the theory of the unified field. For his passion for research, Einstein is widely regarded as one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century.
Albert Einstein’s Life in Photos
Early Life & Family
Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. Einstein was raised in a secular Jewish family. His father, Hermann Einstein, together with his brothers Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, was a salesman and engineer who founded the Munich company for the mass production of electrical equipment.
Einstein’s mother, former Pauline Koch, ran the house. Einstein had a younger sister Maya, who was born two years later.
Einstein attended elementary school at Camp Luitpold in Munich. However, there he was marginalized and struggled by the school’s rigorous teaching style.
He also developed a passion for classical music and violin playing with him in his later years, but he had speech problems. Most importantly, curiosity and deep exploration characterize Einstein’s youth.
In the late 1880s, Max Talmud, a Polish medical student who occasionally ate with the Einstein family, became the young Einstein’s unofficial mentor. Talmud presented his students with a children’s science textbook that inspired Einstein to dream of the nature of light.
As a teenager, Einstein later wrote his first major article, “Investigation of the etheric state in a magnetic field.”
Hermann Einstein moved with his family to Milan, Italy in the mid-1890s after his business failed with a large contract. Einstein remained in Munich’s comparative arts to finish his studies at the Luitpold Gym.
Faced with obsessive-compulsive as he got older, Einstein gave up his studies and apologized and explained to him for tense fatigue through his doctor. When his son returned to Italy, his parents understood Einstein’s point of view, but worried about his future prospects as a high school student and avoided the draftsman.
Education of Albert Einstein
Einstein eventually entered the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. Partly because it has excellent results in mathematics and physics on the entrance exam.
He attended a high school in Aarau, Switzerland, led by Jost Winteler, because he had to complete his pre-college education first. Einstein lived with the teacher’s family and fell in love with Winteller’s daughter Marie. Later, Einstein gave up his German citizenship and became a Swiss citizen at the end of the new century.
After graduation, Einstein faced great challenges in finding academic jobs and preventing some teachers from taking regular classes instead of self-study.
Einstein finally found a stable job in 1902 after working as a clerk at the Swiss Patent Office. While working at the patent office, Einstein sought time to further explore ideas rooted in research at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and thus set up his theory on what is called the theory of relativity.
In 1905, widely known to theorists as “The Year of Miracles,” Einstein published four articles in the Annals of Physics, one of the most famous journals of physics today. The two focused on the photoelectric effect and the Brunan movement. E = MC2 and the other two describing specific relevance were defined for Einstein’s career and physics course.
Wife and Children
Einstein married Milev Marik on January 6, 1903. While attending school in Zurich, I met Einstein Marrick, a Serbian physics student. Einstein continued to bond with Marie, but his parents strongly opposed the relationship because of ethnicity.
However, Einstein continued to meet her, and she began the correspondence with a letter that expressed her many scientific ideas. Einstein’s father died in 1902, and the couple soon married.
In the same year, the couple gave birth to a daughter Lieserl, who could later be raised or adopted by Marik’s relatives. The destiny and the place now remains a mystery.
The couple had two sons, Hans Albert Einstein (who became a famous hydraulic engineer) and Eduard “Thete” Einstein (diagnosed with schizophrenia when young).
Einstein’s marriage will not be happy. They divorced in 1919, and Marik suffered an emotional breakdown due to the divorce. Einstein agreed to remit money to Marik, which he could receive through future Nobel Prize winnings, as part of a settlement agreement.
While marrying Marie, Einstein recently had an affair with his cousin Elsa Le Venthal. The couple got married in 1919, the year Einstein divorced.
He continued to meet other women during his second marriage, which ended with Löventhal’s death in 1936.
Nobel Prize for Physics
In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize in Physics for explaining the photoelectric effect, as his views on the theory of relativity were still considered questionable. In fact, he did not receive the award until the following year for a bureaucratic decision, and in his acceptance speech he still decided to talk about the relevance.
In developing his general theory, Einstein followed the belief that the universe is a fixed and stable entity known as the “cosmic constant”, but his later theory contradicted this idea directly and insisted that the universe could flow.
Astronomer Edwin Hubble concluded that we really live in a growing universe when the two scientists met at the Mount Wilson Observatory near Los Angeles in 1931.
Inventions and Discoveries
The physicist Einstein made many discoveries, but is best known for his theory of relativity and the E = MC2 equation prior to the evolution of atomic energy and atomic bombs.
Theory of Relativity
Einstein first proposed a special relevance in his paper “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Objects” in 1905, which took physics in a whole new direction. In November 1915, Einstein completed the general theory of relativity. Einstein believed that this theory was the pinnacle of his life research.
He was convinced of the benefits of general relativity by allowing for a more comprehensive and subtle explanation of how gravity works and more accurately predicts the orbit around the sun, lacking Isaac Newton’s theory.
Einstein’s claim was evidenced by the observations and measurements of British astronomer Sir Frank Dyson and Sir Arthur Edington at the time of the 1919 eclipse, and thus the symbol of world science was born.
Einstein’s 1905 paper on the relationship between matter/energy proposed the equation E = MC2. The energy of an object (E) is equal to the mass of the object (M) greater than the square of the speed of light (C2). This equation assumed that tiny particles of matter could be converted into huge amounts of energy, and this discovery led to atomic energy.
A famous quantum theorist, Max Planck, supported Einstein’s claims, became an instructor and academic star, and held various positions before becoming head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics (now known as the Max Planck Institute of Physics). 1917 to 1933
In 2018, readers came across some of Einstein’s ruthless personal thoughts as a young man after publishing Albert Einstein’s Travel Diary (Far East, Palestine, Spain, 1922-1923).
In the fall of 1922, a young researcher sailed from Marseille, France to Japan, with his second wife, Elsa. They traveled via the Suez Canal to Ceylon, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Japan. The couple returned to Germany in March 1923 through Palestine and Spain.
The travel diary contains an uncompromising analysis of the people he met, including Chinese and Sri Lankans, which surprised a man who was known to consistently criticize racism in recent years.
In a November 1922 post, Einstein referred to the people of Hong Kong as “industrious, filthy, cold-hearted people… even children seem mindless and boring. These Chinese replace all other races.”
Becoming a U.S. Citizen
In 1933, Einstein joined the Advanced Research Institute in Princeton, New Jersey. At that time, the Nazis, led by Adolf Hitler, emerged in poor Germany after World War I through violent propaganda and pseudoism.
The Nazi Party influenced other scholars to call Einstein’s work “Jewish Physics.” Jewish citizens were banned from universities and other public offices, and Einstein himself was killed. At the same time, other European researchers feared Nazi’s strategy to create nuclear weapons, fleeing German threatened areas and moving to the United States.
After moving, Einstein did not return to his hometown. At Princeton, Einstein will spend the rest of his life researching the Unified Field Theory, a comprehensive paradigm designed to unify the various laws of physics.
Shortly after starting his career at Princeton, Einstein expressed his gratitude for the “virtues” of America and the opportunity for people to think freely. This was in stark contrast to my own upbringing.
In 1935, Einstein received a green card in both countries of his entry and five years later became a citizen of the United States. During World War II, he studied naval weapons systems, contributed enormous funds to the military, and participated in auctions of millions of pounds of manuscripts.
Einstein and the Atomic Bomb
In 1939, Einstein and his fellow physicist Leo Silard wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt warning of the possibility of a Nazi bomb and urging the United States to develop its own nuclear weapons.
The United States eventually launched the Manhattan Project, but Einstein was not directly involved in the implementation due to pacifist and socialist relations. Einstein was also the subject of investigation and distrust by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.
Einstein became a major contributor to efforts to reduce the use of atomic bombs after learning about the Japanese bombing of Hiroshima in 1945. The following year, he and Silard established the Atomic Scientists Emergency Committee, and in a 1947 paper in The Atlantic Monthly, Einstein worked with the United Nations to protect nuclear weapons to deter conflict.
Member of the NAACP
In the late 1940s, Einstein became a member of the American Association of the Development of Colored People (NAACP) after identifying similarities between the treatment of Jews in Germany and African Americans in the United States.
He is a researcher/activist W.E.B. Dubois supported citizenship and called racism a “disease” in a speech at Lincoln University in 1946 with artist Paul Robson.
Time Travel and Quantum Theory
After World War II, Einstein continued to study important aspects of the theory of general relativity, including the unified field theory and the origin of time travel, earthworms, black holes, and the universe.
However, as most of his colleagues began to focus on quantum theory, he felt isolated from his efforts. In the last decade of his life, Einstein, who always considered himself lonely, distracted from all attention and preferred to stay close to Princeton and discuss ideas with colleagues.
Death of albert Einstein
Einstein died on April 18, 1955 at the age of 76 at the Princeton University Medical Center. Einstein suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm during a speech commemorating Israel’s 7th birthday the day before.
He was taken to the hospital for treatment, but he refused the operation and believed that he had lived his whole life and was happy with the party. “I want to go whenever I want,” he said. “Artificially prolonging life is tasteless. I’ve done my part, it’s time to leave. I’m doing well.”
During Einstein’s autopsy, pathologist Thomas Stolz Harvey withdrew the brain without the consent of his family for further detention and research by neuroscientists.
However, during his life Einstein was involved in brain research, and at least one biography said that the researcher hopes to study his brain after he dies. Einstein’s brain is now at the Princeton University Medical Center. At his wish, the rest of the body was cremated and the ashes were scattered in a hidden place.
Canadian researchers who studied Einstein’s brain in 1999 found that the inferior parietal lobe, an area dealing with spatial relationships, 3D imaging, and mathematical thinking, was 15% wider than those with general intelligence. According to The New York Times, researchers believe this could help explain why Einstein was so skilled.
After Einstein’s death, a heap of books on the life of a cult thinker were written, including Walter Isaacson’s Einstein: His Life and the Universe, and the Biography of Einstein: Jürgen Neff, written in 2007. Einstein’s own words were announced. Collections The World As I See It.
In 2018, a research group confirmed an aspect of Einstein’s general theory of relativity that the light of a star passing near a black hole expands into longer waves by an overwhelming gravitational field.
Tracking of the S2 star revealed that the star’s orbital velocity increased to over 25 million km/h as it approached the supergiant black hole in the center of the galaxy, and its appearance changed its wavelength from blue to red. stretch. To avoid gravity.