Professional Courses in India After 12th – For students with a variety of demands, India offers a variety of professional courses. These courses help students to compete for top-ranked jobs around the world, providing them a competitive advantage in their careers. These professional or vocational courses assist students in obtaining the appropriate position for their future.
To pursue these professional courses in India, the candidate has to pass an entrance exam in general. There are also other eligibility criteria that a student must undergo in order to be eligible for the admission procedure of the desired professional course in India.
Most of these professional courses can be pursued after successfully passing the 10th and 12th standard in different streams. Here, we are discussing the number of professional courses available in India, how to select a professional course and prepare for it.
How to Choose The Best Professional Course in India After 12th,10th, and Degree Courses?
A student can easily search the web for choosing the best professional course in India as per their interests. The following are the steps to find and select the best professional courses in India for a bright and successful future.
- List your Interests And Preferences: In order to pursue any course, it is necessary to first understand your interest and passion. There are many professional courses available in India such as engineering to management; the choice solely depends on the interest of the student. One can take the decision on the basis of factors such as family background, subjects preferred, hobbies and desired job.
- Research on the Basis On Your List: Once you have your list ready, it is extremely important to look for other factors on the internet. These include courses available related to the specific course, colleges in India offering the course, duration, fees, scope and eligibility of the course.
- Shortlist the Courses: Once your research is done, streamline it to the courses that will suit you the best. For instance, if you are interested in hospitality, your options are event management courses, hotel management courses, wedding planning, travel management, etc. Shortlist the ones you feel will be beneficial to you.
- Book a Consultation Session: Now that you have a hint of what you want to pursue ahead, talk to an educational consultant to explore your options and how to pursue them. For help in understanding the admission and enrollment procedure, the consultant will advise you to prepare for certain examinations.
- Start Prepping Up: Once all the above-mentioned procedures are fulfilled, it is time to start preparing yourself for the admission. Visit the college websites, track the admission dates and start studying entrance examinations if any.
Professional Courses Admission Procedure
Most of the colleges have their own admission procedure for each student to enroll in a specific professional course. Generally, a student must have passed 10th or 12th standard with a minimum or 45 to 50% to be eligible for the entrance examination. One must visit the college or university website or go through the brochure for better understanding.
List of Professional Courses in India
There are a vast number of professional courses in India that can be pursued by different streams. The students with diverse interests and pick the course that they prefer from the list given below.
- Master of Business Administration
- Mass communication
- Fashion Designing
- Chartered accountant
- Civil services
- Accounts & Finance
- Hotel management
- Computer application
- Professional photography
- Interior Designing
- Baking and confectionery
- Travel and tourism
- Creative writing
- Digital marketing
- Web Designing
List of Professional Degree Course in India
Apart from the above mentioned professional courses, one can also pursue a professional degree course. The professional degree courses are longer and tougher than professional diplomas or certifications. However, the scope of job and career are abundant once a student completes the degree course.
- Management MBA/BBA
- Engineering B.Tech and B.Arch, M.Tech, ME, BE
- Arts – psychology, history, sociology
- Computer Application-BCA/MCA
- Fine arts – B.F.A
- Education- B.Ed, M.Ed
- Designing – Fashion/Interior/Web
- Mass-communication/Journalism BJMC
- Pharmacy – B.Pharma, M.Pharma
- Hospitality – Hotel Management
- Medical-BDS and MBBS
- Nursing – B.Sc. M.Sc.
- Dental- BDS
- Finance – B.Com/CA/CFA/ CS
- Architecture – B.Arch
The professional degree, diploma and certificate courses need certain preparation to pass the entrance examination. The scope and job profiles range from government organizations to private organizations. The individual can also become an entrepreneur or freelancer after pursuing these courses.
15 Best Professional Courses in India list In Details
1. Master of Business Administration
Master of Business Administration or MBA is an excellent conventional professional course that rockets your career directly into junior or middle management of a company.
However, it’s worth noting that 93 percent of MBA graduates in India face unemployment due to studying at business schools of no repute. Doing an MBA from a top B-school is worth your effort, time and money.
Median Pay: Rs.10,000 –Rs.100,000 pm (depending on B-school)
Eligibility: Graduate from any stream/ Working persons with Higher Secondary education.
Entrance Test: CAT, GMAT, MAT or those held by b-schools.
Days, when Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) was the only medical course that would matter, are now over. Nowadays, you can do a professional course in Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathy, and Naturopathy.
The Indian government’s Ministry of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (AYUSH) now promotes these traditional forms of Indian medicine to foreigners seeking medical treatment in India.
Median Income: Rs.30,000- Rs.150,000 (depending on service or own practice)
Eligibility: Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) or equivalent with very high scores.
Entrance Test: CET, NEET or those conducted by medical colleges.
About four years ago, the unemployment rate among engineering graduates stood at 93 percent. Since 2017 though, this is showing a steady decline. Now unemployment among engineering graduates is around 53 percent.
The figure, though alarming, is nothing really serious. However, it’s worth noting that only engineers from topmost colleges find employment. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and other reputable institutes offer engineering courses that are valid worldwide.
Median Income: Rs.30,000- Rs.200,000 (depending upon skills and engineering college)
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent with very high scores.
Entrance Test: JEE, NEET or those conducted by engineering colleges.
4. Fashion Designing
Fashion designing is one of the toughest course in India. It involves a lot of creativity. You also need to be aware of the latest fashion trends and designs worldwide. There’s severe competition since some of the largest fashion labels of the world are entering India rapidly to cash in on this booming market. This competition augurs well for you if you graduate as a fashion designer from any well-known institute.
Median Income: Rs.25,000 to Rs.100,000 (job or own business)
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent. (60% to 75%)
Entrance Test: AAC-CET for admission to any college of fine arts
5. Accounts & Finance
Money never goes out of season or out of fashion. As long as there are humans on earth, there’ll always be money. Hence, accounts and finance is a superb career to pursue. A regular Bachelor of Commerce will launch you in this field.
Further on, opt for more specific courses to become a company auditor or external auditor. These are also some of the toughest professional courses in India.
Median Income: Rs.15,000 – Rs.35,000
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent with marks stipulated by the college
Entrance Exam– None
Forget those stereotype lawyers seen on Bollywood movies and engaging in dramatic arguments before a judge. Nowadays, the law is also a wonderful profession, if you know where to strike. Corporate law, international law, Intellectual Property Rights protection and some other legal fields hold great promise of superb careers.
With an increasing number of foreign companies opening operations in India, the law is one of the best courses you can select.
Median Income: Rs.10,000 – Rs.100,000
Eligibility: Bachelor degree in Arts, Science or Commerce
Entrance Exam– CLAT or others held by specific colleges
7. Interior Designing
Nowadays, everyone wants the interiors of their homes, offices, and stores to appear chic and stylish. Hence the high demand for interior designing. This is an amazing conventional professional course that would give wings to your creativity.
Visit any mall or brand store and you’ll see excellent examples of interior designing. It involves designing of every interior- from small homes to large villas, personal offices, and cabins to commercial complexes and malls.
Median Income: Rs.75,000- Rs.200,000
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent (60 % to 75%)
Entrance Exam: AAC-CET or any other held by college of fine arts.
8. Web Designing
In this era of the Internet and ecommerce, the appearance of a website really matters. A website is a reflection of an individual or a company’s personality and corporate culture. Hence people and businesses lay special emphasis on how their website appears.
This is the job of a web designer. You can do a fantastic web designing course from a reputable institute and also launch own startup. Or you can work with a company that designs websites for others.
Median Income: Rs.35,000- Rs.70,000
Eligibility: SSC or equivalent (no minimum score)
Entrance Exam: None
9. Digital Marketing
While still on the topic of the Internet and websites, let’s look at Digital Marketing. It is the fastest growing industry in India and will generate over two million jobs by 2022. Digital marketing involves learning several processes that would popularize a website, product or service using the Internet as the channel.
These are short term courses and available easily across India. Anyone with a secondary or higher secondary qualification can enroll for this professional course. There’s no age limit too.
Median Income: Rs.15,000 to unlimited
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent (No minimum score)
Entrance Exam: None
10. Computer Applications
Computers are part of our everyday life. And nobody can claim to be a master. Hence, experts in computer applications are necessary. These are simple yet tough professional courses and requires intense concentration and efforts.
The reason: computer technology is evolving even as you read this article. And you need to stay abreast with developments in the field. But it does help you carve a wonderful career.
Median Income: Rs.50,000- Rs.200,000
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent (75% or higher)
Entrance Exam: UGAT, AIMA
11. Animations & Multimedia
Animations and multimedia are an integral part of the advertising, informatics and entertainment industry. In case you are unaware, several major producers of children’s movies and cartoon films from the USA and Japan have their animations made in India.
Animations and multimedia is also a rapidly growing industry and you could do a course to create a career. These are highly professional courses that demand rigorous creativity.
Median Income: Rs.25,000- Rs.100,000
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent (50% or higher)
Entrance Exams: AAC-CET/ College Specific (depends on course & Institute)
A dietician is responsible to ensure that patients at hospital or victims of serious disease get the right amount of nutrition and calories through their meals. Hence, they work closely with medical practitioners, healthcare providers and patients to create wholesome meals and diets.
They help people with digestive, weight and other disorders to maintain some degree of good health. They also help overweight and obese people shed those unwanted pounds. As India becomes health conscious and medical inflation soars, studying to become a professional dietician is an amazing idea.
Median Income: Rs.25,000= Rs.50,000
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent (50% and higher)
Entrance Exam: None/ College Specific
13. Civilian Navy
Civilian navy consists of two components: passenger transport and freight carriage. Passenger transport nowadays is mainly in the form of international cruises. Freight transport means moving almost anything from pins and needles to complex machinery, weaponry and hazardous material from one place to another.
Both these components of civilian navy offer excellent career opportunities. There are special, professional courses that help you join a cruise line. And there are professional courses to join the merchant navy that moves cargo between countries. Amazing courses if you want to see the world for free.
Median Income: Rs.35,000- Rs.500,000
Eligibility: Minimum SSC (Score 50% or more)
Entrance Exam: No specific exams, depends on the job
Your neighborhood restaurant to the swankiest hotel and resort in town are all part of the Indian hospitality industry. Thousands of professionals are necessary to keep this huge industry buzzing. With India gaining several points as the top tourism destination in the world, India’s hospitality sector is on the upswing.
There are amazing hospitality related professional courses available from respectable institutes across India. They range from simple housekeeping courses to complex ones to qualify as a chef.
Median Income: Rs.10,000 to Rs.500,000
Eligibility: SSC/ HSC or equivalent (50% or more)
Entrance Exam: ITI Entrance/ IHM Entrance/ College Specific
15. Journalism & Mass Communications
A good, professional course in journalism and mass communications can prove very tough and exciting at the same time. And it’s a false notion that journalism and mass communication graduates land jobs only at newspapers, magazines, radio stations, and TV channels.
Nowadays, journalism and mass communication graduates also find roles as public relations manager, corporate communications executives, and influencers. A professional course in journalism and mass communications can also help you set up own public relations business.
Median Income: Rs.25,000 – Rs.500,000
Eligibility: HSC or equivalent (Score 50% or more)
Entrance Exam: None. Colleges may conduct a 1-on-1 interview
It is worth remembering that all regular vocational courses are equally good. What matters is your interest in this field. It is a myth that one course is more famous than another. After all, it is an important success and happiness in your career or business.
Therefore, do not confuse the various regular vocational courses in India. Follow your intuition and everything else will automatically fall into place.